Director-General World Health Organisation Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned countries emerging from coronavirus restrictions to proceed “extremely carefully” or risk a rapid rise in new cases.
“The risk of returning to lockdown remains very real if countries do not manage the transition extremely carefully and in a phased approach,” he said at a virtual briefing in Geneva.
Tedros then went on to list six criteria for lifting lockdowns or restriction
*Surveillance is strong, #COVID19 cases are declining & transmission is controlled”
* health system capacities are in place to detect, isolate, test and treat every #COVID19 case and trace every contact
* that outbreak risks are minimized in special settings like health facilities and nursing homes
*that preventive measures are in place in workplaces, schools and other places where it’s essential for people to go
* that importation risks can be managed
* that communities are fully educated, engaged and empowered to adjust to the “new norm’.
WHO epidemiologist Maria Van Kerkhove supported his concerns about the disease which has infected 3.71 million globally and killed more than 258,000 people, according to a Reuters tally.
“If lockdown measures are lifted too quickly, the virus can take off,” Van Kerkhove told the briefing.
Government-ordered lockdowns have become increasingly unpopular as countries suffer rising unemployment and economic activity grinds to a halt.
The eurozone economy will contract by a record 7.7% this year because of the pandemic, while U.S. private employers laid off 20.2 million workers last month as business shut their doors.
Some countries, like Germany, Spain and Italy have started to relax restrictions, while the U.S. President Trump has said his focus is on opening up the country again.
Soccer authorities have also started to consider how they can salvage interrupted competitions, with Germany’s Bundesliga getting permission to restart later this month.
WHO official Mike Ryan said it was up to governments and sporting federations to decide how and when to restart, adding the U.N. organisation would offer risk management advice if needed.
Tedros, who has come under fire mainly from the Trump administration for his handling of the outbreak, said that he would conduct an assessment of the WHO’s actions when the pandemic recedes.
“While the fire is raging I think our focus should not be divided,” he said.
Tedros also defended the WHO’s record on warning about the potential for human-to-human transmission of the new coronavirus, saying it informed the world in the first half of January.
The Geneva-based body has been accused of being “China- centric” by top donor the United States which has cut off funding to the body.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo renewed his criticism on China on Wednesday, blaming the country for the deaths the outbreak has caused and demanding Beijing share information about the outbreak.
The WHO, which is preparing another mission to China to discover the animal origin of the virus, treated the country no differently to any of its 194 members, Tedros said.
“The rule we have in WHO and other UN agencies is that when a member state reports we post as is,” Tedros said.
“The most important thing is our guidance before, during and after 14 January included the likelihood of human to human transmission that helped countries to prepare, he added.
“This is the whole truth,” he added.