Citing “multiple Trump administration officials with direct knowledge” of the operation, CNN reported that US intelligence feared the source’s cover could be blown by US officials.
The decision was made soon after a meeting in which President Trump unexpectedly shared classified US intelligence with Russian officials.
Reports said the mole was the highest-level US source inside Russia.
Reporting by CNN and the New York Times said the source was outside the inner circle of Russian leader President Putin but had regular access to Mr Putin and was even able to photograph documents on the leader’s desk.
The covert source reportedly spied for the US for more than a decade as they rose through the ranks of the Russian government. According to the New York Times, the source was instrumental in the conclusion by US intelligence agencies in 2016 that Mr Putin had personally orchestrated Russia’s interference in the US presidential election.
The source’s information was so sensitive that then-CIA director John Brennan prepared special sealed files for President Obama, rather than include it in the president’s ordinary briefing, the Times report said.
The CIA – the intelligence agency said to have run the mole – declined to comment on the apparent revelations. White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham said CNN’s reporting was “not only incorrect” but had “the potential to put lives in danger”.
The CIA reportedly first tried to extract the mole soon after a now-infamous meeting between President Trump, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and then-Russian ambassador to the US, Sergei Kislyak, at which Mr Trump was said to have shared classified operational details which could have exposed a US confidential source.
Other officials present at the meeting reportedly realised the president’s mistake and scrambled to inform the CIA and other intelligence agencies.
But the Russian mole reportedly refused the initial extraction attempt, citing family concerns – a move which threw the CIA into doubt over the source’s trustworthiness. Months later, the CIA tried again and the source agreed to be exfiltrated.
There was no suggestion that President Trump directly compromised the source in Russia, and reports said that widespread media speculation about US intelligence conclusions had contributed to the decision to extract the source.
There was rampant speculation again on Tuesday on social media as to the high-level’s source’s identity.
The Russian newspaper Kommersant named as the spy a man who it said had worked in the Russian presidential administration before resettling in the US state of Virginia, but the office of the Russian president issued a statement denying that the man had been one of its employees.
The source’s whereabouts are likely a closely-guarded secret. Last year, Russian operatives travelled to England and used a nerve agent in an assassination attempt against a former Russian military intelligence officer, Sergei Skripal, who had spied for the British.
And in 2006, Russian operatives killed a former intelligence officer, Alexander Litvinenko, in central London by poisoning his tea with radioactive material, according to British investigators.