The capital importation by banks has dropped by $4.56 billion when it fell from $5.85 billion in first quarter (Q1) 2020 to $1.29 billion at the end of the second quarter of 2020. This represents over 77% decrease.
This is in line with data from Nigeria’s Q2 2020 Capital Importation report by the National Bureau of Statistics, as seen by Nairametrics.
What this means: Standard Chartered Plc, Stanbic IBTC, Citi Bank, Access Bank, Ecobank Nigeria, GTBank, First Bank, and 20 other banks in Nigeria only attracted foreign investment worth $1.29 billion in Q2 compared to the $5.85 billion in Q1 2020.
Backstory: Nairametrics reported the Q1 report, when it found that Standard Chartered led the pack for banks with the highest foreign investment.
The bank attracted $1.656 billion worth of investment in the first quarter of this year, compared to $1.072 billion, during the comparable quarter in 2019
Stanbic IBTC followed with $1.37 billion worth of foreign investment, while Citi Bank Nigeria Ltd occupied the third position, having attracted $688.44 million inflows as against $770 million recorded in Q1 2019.
Breakdown of Q2 2020
More details in the NBS report also showed that out of the 27 banks that foreign investors used to deploy foreign capital into the country, the most investment came through Standard Chartered Bank.
Though Standard Chartered Bank maintained the lead, its foreign investment dropped from $1.65 billion in the first quarter to $425 million in Q2 2020 – a 74.24% decrease.
The Nigerian Capital Importation report disclosed that Stanbic IBTC took over the second position from Citi Bank, as the former recorded $345 million ($1.37 billion in Q1) and the later had recorded only $221.9 million ($688.4 million).
Meanwhile, First Bank got $64.4 million ($677.61 million), FCMB got $46 million, followed by Access Bank with $44.17 million ($257.31 million); Rand Merchant Bank got $37 million ($611.68 million).
Others are, Ecobank with $35.15 million, Union Bank $22.3 million, Zenith $21.6 million, and Fidelity Bank $15.26 million among others.
However, Unity Bank, Providus Bank, CORONATION MERCHANT BANK, Heritage Bank, Jaiz Bank and SunTrust Bank failed to attract any foreign investment within the period.
In terms of capital importation by country of origin, the report also revealed the top 10 highest and lowest countries that invested in Nigeria.
Top ten countries of origin for FDI
United Kingdom – $428.83 million
Republic of South Africa- $149.29 million
UAE – $145.15 million
Netherlands – $141.30 million
Singapore- $137.40 million
United States – $126.08 million
Hong Kong – $33.78 million
British Virgin Island– $24.27 million
China – $21.48 million
Mauritius – $16.53 million
Top 10 lowest countries for FDI
Philippines – $0.01 million
Pakistan- $0.02 million
Ireland – $0.03 million
Mexico – $0.05 million
Latvia – $0.09 million
Bouvet Island – $0.10 million
Korea Republic– $0.10 million
Italy- $0.13 million
Portugal– $0.13 million
Panama – $0.22 million
FDI may contract further- UNCTAD
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD), in its recent report, forecasts that the FDI flows to the continent, are to contract between 25% and 40%, based on gross domestic product (GDP) growth projections, as well as a range of investment specific factors.
UNCTAD’s Director of Investment and Enterprise, James Zhan, said, “Though all industries are set to be affected, several services industries including aviation, hospitality, tourism, and leisure are hit hard, a trend likely to persist for some time in the future.”
According to him, manufacturing industries intensive in global value chains are also strongly affected, a sign of concern for efforts to promote economic diversification and industrialization in Africa.